Glass pendants are formed either by fusing or on a burner torch.
Glass fusing is the process of joining together of pieces of glass at high temperature. This is usually done in a kiln using temperatures ranging from 700 °C (1,292 °F) to 820 °C (1,510 °F). The fusing process requires the glass to be heated slowly over a number of hours until the correct temperature is reached (fusing temperature), whereafter the glass will be annealed. Annealing is a process of slowly cooling hot glass objects after they have been formed, to relieve residual internal stresses introduced during the manufacturing process. Kiln annealing ensures durability of glass items.
Some glass fused items will undergo several kiln cycles before it reaches its desired result. Each cycle takes around 12-18 hours to complete.
Suitable for breastmilk and cremation ashes.
Typically used to make cabochons (domed obverse with a flat reverse) suitable for rings and pendants.
Lampworking is a type of glasswork where a torch or lamp is primarily used to melt the glass. Once in a molten state, the glass is formed by blowing and shaping with tools and hand movements. It is also known as flameworking or torchworking. Glass rods are used in making lampworked items. Rods are typically 7-8 mm in diameter. Detailed work and decoration is added using stringers. Stringers are glass rods around 1-3 mm in diameter.
Glass creations using rods and stringers are melted in a flame temperature reaching up to 2,760 °C (5,000°F). After the creation is complete, it will undergo another 12 hour kiln annealing cycle to ensure durability.
Suitable for breastmilk, cremation ashes and locks of hair.
Is typically used to make 3 dimensional items including earrings, rings, charm beads, beads and pendants.